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William Shakespeare was a renowned English poet, playwright and actor.  He is widely regarded as the greatest  writer in the English language and the world’s greatest dramatist. He is often called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon”.

He was born on 26th April 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon, a town in England. His father was a local businessman and his mother was the daughter of a landowner. He married a woman named  Anne Hathaway  at the age of 18. They had three children. After his marriage, information about his life is considered a mystery. Scholars generally call this period “The lost years”. But it is believed that he spent most of his life in London writing and performing in his plays.

He wrote about 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems and a few other verses. His plays have been translated into every major  language and are performed more often than any other playwright. He produced most of his known work between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were mainly comedies and histories. Some of his finest works are Hamlet, othello, king lear, Macbeth, Julius caesar and Romeo and Juliet

He died on 23rd april 1616, at the age of 52. He died within a month of signing his will. In his will, Shakespeare left the bulk of his property for his elder daughter

Shakespeare’s plays are popular at present time as well and his work is constantly being studied and performed throughout  the world.


  • Renowned: famous 
  • Dramatist: a person who writes plays
  • Bard: poet
  • Sonnets: it is a 14 line poem with a fixed rhyme scheme 
  • Verses: verse is writing  arranged in lines which have rhyme at the end.
  • will: a legal declaration of a person’s wishes regarding the distribution of his property. 
  • Bulk: a large amount

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