Reservation is a system established by a Government that provides equal opportunity to socially and economically backward citizens. This system allows certain people to participate in the fierce competition of acquiring the best education and employment. In every nation, there is always a group or community of people who have faced disadvantages in the past due to the wide spread discrimination in terms of caste, colour, sex etc. The historical events have made them economically and socially weak in the present times. To curb this, governments have devised a policy that lowers the qualifications required in getting admissions in colleges, job openings etc. Thus, the reservation policy is highly effective in uplifting these communities and tribes.
The Indian Reservation Policy covers all the three groups namely – Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Other Backward Classes (OBC). Originally, the reservation was only given to SCs and STs, but after the 1931 census data, reservations were allowed for the OBCs as well. OBCs cover all the other communities of India that are facing socio-economic disadvantages. The formation of reserved quotas that favours certain castes has been prevalent since the British Rule in India. The 19th century kings had already introduced reservation policy at that time to help non-Brahmins and other backward classes to acquire free education.
After Independence, the Reservation Policy has helped the nation to eliminate the practice of Untouchability. Government and public sector companies were instructed to hire people from both the reservation categories (SCs, STs, OBCs, etc.) and the open General categories. Similarly, Universities and Colleges were to allot academic seats accordingly. The Reservation Policy also allowed 33% reservation quotas to women for various posts in government departments and services. Thus, the Indian Reservation Policy has increased women’s pride and given them equal standing among men in the society.