COVID-19 is a short form of CoronaVirus Disease 2019. It is an extremely infectious viral disease caused by a newly discovered type of Coronavirus.
It attacks the respiratory system of our body. Older people and people suffering from cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases are at greater risk to develop fatal illness.
The coronavirus outbreak originated from Wuhan city of China during December 2019. Scientists believe that it has been transferred from bats or snakes to humans from the local seafood market in Wuhan.
This pandemic disease basically spreads through tiny droplets of saliva discharge occurring during coughing or sneezing. Therefore, it is necessary to wear a mask that covers your mouth and nose to stop the spread of this virus.
To slow down the spread of coronavirus, a world wide lockdown was initiated. Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi also announced Lockdown on March 24th . This led to the downfall of the nation’s economy. People lost their jobs, small businesses were closed. Tourism business was hit the hardest. Daily labourers and informal workers faced a real challenge to earn their livelihood.
Without jobs, a large population of migrants was helpless as there was no means of transportation available during the lockdown. They have to walk down hundreds of kilometers to reach their homes.
The education sector was also halted where schools, colleges and universities remain closed until further orders. Examination and entrance tests were suspended due to this exceptional situation.
Common symptoms of coronavirus infection include fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties. Though these are symptoms of common cold, one should seek immediate medical attention. The incubation period of coronavirus is 5-14 days.
To help prevent the spread of coronavirus one should wash his hands regularly, wear a mask, maintain social distance and avoid close contact with people suffering from respiratory discomfort.
- pandemic: worldwide spread of new disease
- halted: discontinued, terminated, stopped
- incubation: the time period between infection and appearance of symptoms of illness.